Website development basics for business owners & entrepreneurs.

Website - a necessity for today's business of any kind and shape. As a business owner most of the time you outsource this prominent work to companies like us, but knowing the basics will not hurt, so let's see what we got.

For the separation of concerns website design & development is split into two layers one is Frontend - what a visitor sees and the other is backend which is mostly a database or server. In this article, we discuss the frontend, particularly languages. HTML(HyperText Markup Language), CSS(Cascading Style Sheets), and JavaScript are the languages of the web and are understood by all web browsers.

HyperText Markup Language or HTML is the building block of the Web. It defines how the contents (text, images, videos) of the website are presented and structured for the visitor.

Cascading Style Sheets or CSS is to add styling to the HTML to make it more presentable. It describes how the HTML components should be displayed on the webpage.

JavaScript or JS is to add interactivity to the site. JavaScript is used to change and manipulate HTML & CSS depending on the user interaction. It will also be used to do arithmetic operations, fetch product details from the database, and all the operations which are difficult/impossible only with HTML & CSS.

Here's the example of all three languages used to create a simple web page

HTML code example of website for entreprenuers
Snapshot of HTML code
CSS code example of website for entreprenuers
Snapshot of CSS code
JavaScript code example of website for entreprenuers
Snapshot of JS code
Web page example of website for entreprenuers
Snapshot of compiled Web page

As you can see in the main HTML file we referenced the CSS by calling link rel="stylesheet" href="css/example.css" and Javascript by script src="js/example.js" script in the head element, so that they will be available to use. Later we applied textStyle of CSS to "Hi Entrepreneurs" so that it will be displayed with a text size of 2rem in green color... In the Button element we called Javascript function named showAlert() so that whenever the user presses the button, it shows the alert dialog saying "You make the world better place".

That's the basic usage of 03 languages in a website and all the websites are built in one or another way similar to that. For better user experience, consider the following few points while developing a website on your own or letting someone else make it for you.

Further mentions.
Frontend Frameworks - As the complexity of a website increases developers tend to use frameworks like React, Angular, Vue, etc which helps in componentization and avoiding code repetition along with many other advantages.

Server-side rendering - For creating tailored user experience like auto-suggestions of search, Facebook feeds, etc, languages like PHP, Python, Ruby, C# are used to generate elements depending on specific user preferences.

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